Corns and calluses affect more people than any other podiatric complaint. Podiatric corns are hard, thickened areas of skin on the foot. There are three different kinds. Each typically appears in a different area on the foot:
- On the bottoms of the feet, you might see seed corns, tender clusters of tiny corns that are believed to be the result of blocked sweat glands.
- On the tops and sides of the toes, a hard corn usually appears as a small patch of thickened, dead skin with a small, dense plug of skin in the center.
- Between the toes is where you’ll find a soft corn. These have thinner surfaces and more smooth centers than hard corns. They are usually whitish and rubbery in appearance.
There are other, less common types of corns that you might miss but your podiatrist can diagnose. These include:
- neurovascular corns
- fibrous corns
- Durlacher’s corns
- subungual corns
Different from a corn, a callus is a patch of hard, dead skin that can develop as a result of friction anywhere on your body. On your feet, the most common callus is a plantar callus. These are typically found on the sole, on or near the ball of your foot.
Corns and calluses are can be prevented. Here are five tips from Dr. Jason Grossman to help keep your feet smooth, comfortable, and corn and callus-free:
- Changes in foot size are not unusual. Always have both feet professionally measured when buying new shoes.
- Avoid pointy shoes and high heels. They squeeze the toes and cause friction. If you can't wiggle your toes, your shoes are too tight.
- Make sure that the shape of your shoes offers plenty of room to accommodate bunions or hammertoes.
- Replace worn out sneakers or hiking boots. They won’t offer adequate support.
- If the soles or heels of your shoes are wearing unevenly, talk to your foot doctor. Custom orthotics might even out your gait before a corn or callus develops.
It’s important to be seen by a podiatrist at the first sign of a corn or callus. As is the case with so many medical issues, the sooner treatment begins, the simpler it will be. Your podiatrist will draw on years of education and experience to determine the source of your discomfort, then use state of the art technology to remove your corn or callus as painlessly as possible.
Attempting to remove your corn or callus on your own can cause infection and complications. Dr. Jason Grossman urges you to avoid at-home remedies and over-the-counter corn and callus removal pads containing any sort of acid. These can cause complications, especially for patients with diabetes, compromised immune systems, or other chronic health conditions.
Do you have a hard, painful spot of skin on your foot? Click here or call Advanced Feet and Ankle Care today at (732) 679-4330 to schedule an appointment in our convenient and comfortable Old Bridge or Sayreville offices. Jason Grossman, DPM will examine your feet, diagnose your condition, and work with you to implement to most effective solution for your problem.